context: Under the goal of common prosperity, those in the entertainment industry with abnormally high incomes are becoming the target of rectification, ostensibly to prevent the disorderly expansion of the capital backing them. At the same time, fans’ blind worship of stars affects the normal lives of fans, and their stars’ obsessive pursuit of money and good looks also influences the worldview and social atmosphere surrounding fans, especially those who are younger and more impressionable. In the current context of ‘double restrictions’, some reasonable corrective to online time might be needed.

Some legal definition of fandom (fan groups and other organisations) is necessary to define violations of laws and regulations in this domain. Zhang Xinbao 张新宝 Renmin University School of Law professor, writing in Weixin, argues that fandom or fan circles are collections of people with no legal basis outside the civil subject system. He proposes that when there is a dominant relationship between organisers and members, organisers (mainly stars’ agencies/agents) should bear ‘substitute liability’ for the infringements directly committed by members; among core members joint and several liability shall be borne.

Fandom no longer encapsulates a simple relationship between fans and stars. Three forces (stars’ agencies, platform institutions, and capital) are jointly creating mayhem in fan circles, Zhu Yannan 祝燕南 National Radio and Television Administration Development Research Centre Party Committee secretary explained to Guangming Daily.

The healthy growth of young people is of great importance. Fandom culture exemplifies the characteristics of immaturity, herd-like behaviour, organisation, extremism and exclusivity, Zhang Hongsheng 张洪生 Communication University of China School of Cultural Industry Management executive dean pointed out, adding ‘this kind of culture not only misleads young people about excessive consumption, but may even lead to juvenile delinquency’.