context: The resolution follows the principles of the 6th Plenum’s communique. It confirms the conclusion of the two previous resolutions, especially the critical conclusion on Mao’s mistakes like the Cultural Revolution, signaling the Party will never go back to radical leftism. But the resolution mentioned problems remaining from the reform and opening-up era, to legitimise the birth of the New Era. The resolution stressed that in the New Era cadre and talent selection should abandon the ‘focus on age’.

State Council and CCP Central Committee issued ‘Resolution on major achievements and historical experience of the Party over the past century,’ which was passed during the 6th Plenum of the 19th Central Committee. The Resolution

  • reviews the history of the CCP
    • dividing Party history into four eras, each era characterised by a ‘main task’ faced by the Party
      • new democratic revolutionary era (pre-1949)
      • socialist revolution and construction era (Mao’s era)
      • reform and opening-up era (Deng’s era to the 18th Party Congress in 2012)
      • New Age (starting from the 18th Party Congress in 2012)
    • recognising tragedy during the socialist revolution and construction era (Mao’s era)
    • glowing compliments paid to past leaders, including Hu Jintao and Jiang Zemin and the reform and opening up era
  • issues during the reform and opening-up era
    • marginalising Party leadership
    • weakness in the implementation of the Party Centre’s directives
    • corruption
    • abuse of power and law
    • cadres’ loss of faith
    • loosening of Party discipline and ideological control
    • pollution
    • challenges in international affairs
  • features of the New Age
    • the ‘main task’ is to realise ‘the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation’
    • comprehensive Party leadership
    • full and strict governance over the Party
      • Party discipline
      • anti-corruption
      • consolidating faith
      • selecting cadres and talents without focusing on
        • votes
        • age
    • Party-led economy
    • deepening reform and opening-up
    • not ‘transplanting a political system from other countries’ and upholding China’s own political system
    • law-based governance
    • consolidating the Party’s control over ideology
    • improvement of people’s livelihood
    • environmental protection
    • military modernisation
    • strengthening national security
    • maintaining the unification of the country
      • national security law in Hong Kong
      • unification with Taiwan is the Party’s unshakeable task
    • participation in international affairs
  • experience: the ‘ten upholds’, namely
    • Party leadership
    • people-centred approch
    • theoretical innovation
    • independence
    • the Chinese path
    • a global vision
    • innovation
    • daring to struggle
    • united front
    • self-revolution
  • unification around Xi Jinping is critical