context: Following the close of the Third Plenum, ‘Resolutions for Party and state institutional reform’ was released on 4 March 2018. A parallel document to the institutional reform plan to be revealed at the Two Sessions, the Resolutions explain the rationale behind reform.

Composed of eight sections, the Resolutions cover

  • deepening reform is critical to modernising the administrative system and governance capacity
  • guiding concepts, goals, and principles, highlighting the Party’s overall leadership
  • upholding Party leadership when making major decisions and among peer or parallel institutions
  • optimising the structure of government institutions and allocation of functions
  • promoting coordinated reforms of institutions across Party, state, military and people’s organisations
    • improving the layout of Party and state organs
    • deepening reform of people’s congresses, political advisory bodies and the judiciary
    • deepening reform of social and people’s organisations
    • accelerating reform of public service institutions
    • deepening integration of the military and localities
  • improving set-up of local institutions
    • guaranteeing central leadership
    • devolving more discretion to local authorities
    • developing a leaner and more effective management system at grassroots level
    • regulating vertical management and local management
      • clarifying powers and responsibilities
  • regulating staffing of public institutions
    • specifying function and scale of public offices through regulation
    • using hiring quotas to control staffing of public offices
    • clarifying division of work between departments and between different levels
    • enhancing crackdown on staffing corruption
  • enhancing Party leadership over deepening reform of Party and state institutions