CCP Central Committee and State Council jointly issued the ‘Healthy China 2030 plan’, covering topics including public health services, environmental management, the medical industry, and food and pharmaceutical safety. While living standards have risen, the plan acknowledges that industrialisation, urbanisation, an ageing population, as well as environmental changes have created new challenges to health. By 2030, the plan strives to

  • increase average life expectancy to 79 (77.3 by 2020), up from 76.34 in 2015, and lower the infant mortality rate to 5 every 1,000 births, down from 8
    • promote healthy lifestyles by building more public sports facilities, such as fitness centres, sports parks and playgrounds
    • establish three levels (county, township, village) of rural public sports facilities, with no less than 2.3 square metres of sports area per capita
    • increase the number of people frequently exercising from 360 to 530 million
  • control negative factors in population health, promote healthy lifestyles and guarantee food safety
    • improve agricultural production standards, evaluation of product quality, use of pesticides and veterinary drugs, and combat heavy metal pollution
    • establish a universal food safety reporting network
    • identify high-risk pollution zones and establish a unified disclosure platform for environmental information
    • transform industries like iron and steel, cement, petrochemicals to operate within emission standards
  • raise service standards and establish a universal health service system
    • develop a well-functioning multi-level healthcare system, differentiating the functions of different levels of medical institutions and forming a properly coordinated medical service system
    • combine medical-nursing with aged care and strengthen community service support networks for the elderly; promote cooperation between medical and aged care institutions and long-term home-based care services; establish a subsidy system for elderly people with disabilities and establish a multi-level long-term care and support system; improve access to essential drugs
    • ensure residents of rural and urban areas enjoy equal access to basic health services
    • have three certified or assistant doctors and 4.7 registered nurses per 1,000 residents
  • enlarge the scale of the health industry and promote medical enterprises with innovative skills and international competence
    • upgrade medical equipment and industrialise important medicine, and advance the pharmaceutical industry
    • promote the ‘leading role’ of Chinese medicine in disease treatment
  • establish a sound governance system and legal framework for health
    • require more government input and greater effort to deepen institutional reforms
    • expand international cooperation
    • build a universal health and medical big data platform