context: Widely expected by international observers as a document on a par with Made in China 2025, the strategy is revealed in technical documents highlighting areas that technocrats will focus on.

The national standardisation strategy was issued by the CCP Central Committee and the State Council 10 Oct 2021. The document emphasises a shift from the current state-directed standards-setting approach to one that is in sync with market forces. Quantitative targets for the standards-setting timeframe, international-local standards coordination, among other things were set for 2035. A structurally sound, internationally compatible, market-driven but state-guided standards system should be set up by 2035. Targeted areas include

  • emerging technologies, including standard research for emerging technologies like AI and biotech, and boosting the standards-setting component of state-funded research
  • industry development, including promoting of industrial upgrading through new standards
  • green development, including devising standards for carbon peaking, carbon neutrality, environmental protection, resources efficiency and green manufacturing
  • social, urbanisation, rural, governance and public security standards
  • international cooperation, focusing on the interoperability of domestic and international standards
  • standards-setting infrastructure and institutions, including related talent development and research