Communist Party Central General Office and State Council General Office issued ‘Opinions on deepening educational system reform’ on 24 September, stipulating

  • set up of an integrated moral education system, guided by the core values of Chinese socialism
    • to be put in place in all primary and middle schools, as well as higher education institutions
  • innovating the preschool education system and encouraging private investment in kindergartens of various forms
  • strengthening coordination to provide sufficient support to rural areas
  • emphasising children’s physical and mental development
  • adjusting teaching modes to effectively reduce heavy study loads on students
  • regulating extra-curriculum training institutions
  • resolving the uncoordinated urban and rural development of compulsory education
  • improving quality of vocational education
  • innovating talent acquisition mechanisms in higher education
  • deepening education and teaching reform at ordinary high schools
  • improving financial support systems
    • allocate more education resources to ethnic minority groups
    • spend no less than four percent of annual GDP on education-related fiscal expenditure
    • raise pay for teachers to a level no lower than that of local civil servants