context: Many of the targets set out in the last smart manufacturing 5-year plan, including the self-sufficiency rate and the number of systemic solution providers, have been achieved. Most initiatives in the new 5-year plan are built on the previous plan, though self-reliance, security and controllability now take the front seat.

A smart manufacturing 5-year plan was issued by eight agencies including MIIT (Ministry of Industry and IT) and NDRC (National Development and Reform Commission) on 28 Dec 2021. Smart manufacturing must continue to bring about industrial and enterprise transformation, the agencies emphasise.

All large enterprises should be digitised by 2035, with most key backbone enterprises adopting smart technologies. The plan outlines more specific targets for 2025

  • 70 percent of large enterprises to be digitised, with key backbone enterprises adopting smart technologies
  • significantly improved production efficiency, resource and energy efficiency and production capacity
  • 500 industry-guiding smart factory demos
  • 70 percent self-sufficiency rate in smart manufacturing equipment, and 50 percent in industrial software
  • there are other qualitative and quantitative targets for systemic solutions providers, standards and industrial internet platforms

Technological self-reliance tops the guiding principles. The ministries also highlight the relevance of market-orientedness, a multi-stakeholder approach to R&D, and security and controllability.

Recognising the achievements over the last five years, including a self-sufficiency rate of over 50 percent, 43 systemic solution providers with 1 bn of revenue or more, and improved R&D efficiency, the agencies note that the industry still sees supply and demand mismatch, resource and energy inefficiencies, supply chain insecurity, and a lack of innovation capacity and talent.

Major tasks and campaigns include

  • systemic innovation based on interdisciplinary research
    • key tech breakthroughs
    • systemic interaction technology development
    • new innovation networks
  • promoting smart manufacturing applications
    • smart manufacturing demos, covering application scenarios, workshops, factories and supply chains
    • SME upgrading
    • industrial upgrading with detailed timelines, covering equipment manufacturing, electronics, raw materials and consumer products
    • regional development strategies
  • self-sufficiency based on systemic solutions and qualified supply
    • breakthroughs in smart manufacturing equipment, targetting basic components, as well as common, specialised and novel smart manufacturing equipment
    • breakthroughs in industrial software, covering R&D, design, production, operational management, control and execution, industry-specific applications and novel software
    • developing systemic solutions
  • overall support
    • standards setting and revision
    • digital infrastructure such as industrial internet, optic-fibre network and data centres
    • cybersecurity, data security and functional security
    • talent cultivation