Reiterated by President Xi Jinping 习近平 at the Bo’ao Forum, March 2015, the expression was used as early as 2007, when then President Hu Jintao 胡锦涛 applied it to relations with Taiwan. The picture celebrates the slogan’s peaceful intent as employed by Xi. Often used to describe ideal relations with bordering states and territories, it has also been applied to the world at large. Commentary in China obliquely criticises it as ambiguous and open to the charge of being disingenuous.